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What is useEffect hook in React?

useEffect is a built-in React hook that allows you to manage side effects in functional components. Side effects are actions that occur outside the scope of a component and are not related to rendering, such as making an API call, adding an event listener, or setting a timer.

The useEffect hook takes two arguments:

  1. A function that contains the side effect you want to perform.
  2. An optional array of dependencies that determines when the effect should be re-run.

Here’s an example:

JavaScript
import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function ExampleComponent() {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    document.title = `You clicked ${count} times`;
  }, [count]);

  return (
    <div>
      <p>You clicked {count} times.</p>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>Click me</button>
    </div>
  );
}

In this example, we’re using the useEffect hook to update the document title based on the value of count. The first argument is a function that updates the document title, and the second argument is an array that contains the count variable. This means that the effect will re-run every time count changes.

If you omit the second argument, the effect will run on every re-render. If you pass an empty array, the effect will run only once, when the component mounts.

The useEffect hook is a powerful tool that allows you to manage side effects in your React components in a simple and declarative way.

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